An adoption is a wonderful option for couples or individuals who want to bring children into their homes.
However, there are several types of adoptions that you can consider.
Foster child adoption
States allow the adoption of foster children whose parents lost their parental rights. Most foster child adoptions are free or have low costs. However, they have strict qualification requirements, including the ability to meet the child’s physical, financial and emotional needs.
If you work with the parents directly on the adoption of one or more children, you participate in a private adoption. Typically, you, the biological parents and an intermediary, such as a doctor, legal professional or person in the clergy, are the only individuals involved in the adoption process.
You may also work with a public or private agency to find children who need homes. Public agencies tend to work with children who are wards of the state for one reason or another. Private agencies may be charities, churches or other organizations that work with parents who want to give up their children. Private agencies often handle infant adoptions.
In some cases, e.g., death of the parents or abuse in the home, you may want to adopt children who belong to a relative of yours, such as a sibling, parent or child. The kinship adoption process begins with custodial guardianship and can become an adoption once the parental rights of the biological parents cease.
If you want to adopt your stepchildren, you typically need permission from both biological parents and possibly the child or children you hope to adopt. However, the actual adoption process is relatively simple and quick.
As you prepare for your child, learn about all the adoption methods available to you.